Multiple sclerosis is a chronic autoimmune, demyelinating, neurodegenerative and progressive disease of the Central Nervous System (CNS). In Spain it affects more than 47,000 people and 2.5 million worldwide. Today, with the aim of making the symptoms visible, the Spanish Association of Multiple Sclerosis (AEDEM-COCEMFE) has presented the IEM: the first computer with Multiple Sclerosis.
The initiative is part of the international campaign “My Invisible MS” that seeks to give visibility to common symptoms such as vision disorders, pain, mobility problems, fatigue, dizziness, muscle spasms, cognitive problems, tremor, anxiety or depression
In the same way that the disease degenerates the myelin sheaths of neurons, the IEM has been created with its “stripped” cables, a defect that causes the computer to reproduce the same symptoms that the disease causes in people. Basically, myelin increases impulse conduction between neurons. In fact, a neuron with myelin-coated axons transmits nerve impulses 10 to 30 times faster than an unmyelinated neuron.
One of the symptoms recreated in the computer is fatigue, something that has been reflected through the mouse, which loses speed as it is used. Similarly, to show the coordination problems of the disease, when an application or program is clicked, the IEM randomly opens another, transmitting the sensation to the user that they do not have control, just as those affected by MS feel. They do not control your body 100%.
The tremor in limbs is recreated through vibrations on the screen with all its elements, while the slow reproduction of sound files will serve as an example of slow speech.
The initiative, which is backed by Sanofi, Impossible CP and LLYC, also has a website where users can learn more about the disease and the initiative.
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