Have CERN’s scientists discovered the Higgs boson?

Have CERN’s scientists discovered the Higgs boson?


It seems the elusive Higgs boson particle may finally have been discovered.

After numerous particle collisions and countless rumors of Higgs discoveries, there is yet another rumor of a Higgs discovery. On Tuesday, researchers at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) will reveal exactly how close they are to discovering the Higgs boson when they present the results from two of the experiments searching for the Higgs.

Physicists at CERN, the European Organisation for Nuclear Research near Geneva, told The Associated Press on Thursday that reams of new data will help in the search for the Higgs boson, provoking widespread speculation that a discovery of the ‘God particle’ is imminent.

At a seminar in Geneva on Tuesday, scientists are widely expected to present evidence that the Higgs Boson has finally been seen, after 40 years of research. While the LHC has not recorded enough data to claim a formal discovery, scientists have said the current data helps narrow the region of the search, excluding some of the higher energy ranges where the Higgs boson might be found. Scientists have also noted the the current set of results show intriguing possibilities involving a small number of events at the lower energy ranges.

Announcing the discovery of the so-called God particle would be the first evidence concerning the existence of the Higgs Boson, whose discovery would complete the Standard Model of particle physics, and explain why stuff has mass. A number of prominent scientists have speculated and theorized that the particle exists, however, the latest experiment conducted by the LHC would serve as the first definitive proof that the particle does indeed exist.

The report comes amid rumors that the two competing series of scientists, both of whom have been sifting debris from hundreds of trillions of proton collisions in CERN’s LHC outside Geneva. A number of scientists have said that they have finally seen hints of what might turn out be the elusive particle when more data is gathered next year.

The discovery could present scientists with the biggest announcement since Watson and Crick unraveled the mysteries of DNA. The Higgs explains why other particles have mass. As the Universe cooled after the Big Bang, an invisible force known as the Higgs field formed together with its associated boson particle.

The particle-accelerating machine on the French-Swiss border was built with the hunt for the Higgs as a key goal. The collider smashes beams of protons together in head-on collisions, searching for signs of the Higgs boson.

The Higgs is essentially a missing piece of the ‘Standard Model’ of physics. Thus far, it’s the only elementary particle predicted by this model that scientists have not been able to create with atom smashers.

Early formulation of the theories estimated that the Higgs boson would have mass energy in excess of 1 TeV, (which would not have allowed scientists to discover the particle — at least using modern technology). Now, since the discovery of the top quark, there is tantalizing evidence that the Higgs boson may have energies in the range of a few hundred GeV and therefore within the range of present day accelerators.

Searching for the Higgs boson is one of the high priority objectives of the Large Hadron Collider at CERN. At the end of 2011, the LHC results appear to limit the Higgs to between 114 and 145 GeV if it is to fit in the standard model of particle physics.